I met with my lawyer a couple times and the lawyer filed suit or filed a claim in front of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) but didn’t complete my case. Can I recover the money I paid the lawyer?

Probably not. If the lawyer worked on your case and filed a claim or lawsuit for you, then it is not seen as a theft and would not be covered by the Lawyers’ Fund.   The question you need to ask is “Would the police have arrested the lawyer for not finishing your case?” If the answer is no, then you will not be able to recover. It is looked at as a breach of contract or a fee dispute.